Doctors in Pennsylvania are bound by law to provide reasonable information to patients about their injury, and patients must consent to any treatment offered before it can be given. This is called the law of informed consent. When doctors fail to properly inform their patients, or they proceed with treatments without proper consent, they can be held liable.
A doctor must give the patient full information in easy-to-understand language about treatments available for his or her condition, as well as any risks involved with a proposed medical procedure. The doctor also must let a patient know what their expected prognosis is.